Z-SCORES , Screen 8

I did not understand anything about the code & the O/P on the screen

  1. How index 1 & index 2 are calculated in mutate() & how replace() code works here.

  2. In the tibble , are we taking only 6 houses for calculation & why there is NA in all the rows.

Kindly elaborate.

Hello @sharathnandalike

Sorry for that. Let’s try to remedy this problem!

We are trying to create a column that contains this calculation SalePrice/ 100000 + 37 for even indices and this calculation SalePrice/ 100000 + 37 for odd indices.

To do this, we created two new columns (index_1 and index_2) from the SalePrice column so that:

  • The first column, index_1, will contain this calculation SalePrice/ 100000 + 37 for the even indices and NA for the odd indices.
  • The second column, index_2, will contain this calculation SalePrice/ 90000 - 2.8 for odd indices and NA for the even indices.

This also explains why all the rows have NA :wink:

  • The function mutate() allows you to create a new column.
  • The function row_number() yields the index of each row in the houses dataframe.
  • The function replace() allows you to replace values in a vector if a condition is met. Here is the syntax:
replace(vector, condition_for_replacement, replacement_value)

So, this line mutate(index_1 = replace(index_1, row_number() %% 2 != 0, NA_real_) ) means:
if the index is odd (i.e., row_number() %% 2 != 0) replace the existing value in the column index_1 (previously created with this line mutate(index_1 = SalePrice/ 100000 + 37) by NA of type double (i.e.

If you wonder why NA_real_ and not NA. the reason is that the replace() function works on vectors and a vector can only contain one type of value (integer, real, string, logical, …). Hence, we have to specify what is the right NA.

This is a typo; we have to specify here that we are only showing the head of the houses dataframe. The response of the NAs is above.

Thank you for all these interesting questions. Might I suggest you planning to do the other courses in our R path where we have discussed most of these aspects? That said, this is just a future suggestion, I will always be happy to answer your questions which contribute to detect pain points in our content.

Best regards,

Hello John,

Which course in R path I have missed. I am interested in only Data Analysis ( not data engineering - data cleaning , SQL ,etc ) which I think I have chosen all the relevant missions.

Only Thing is I do not know coding; I am seeing CODING FOR THE FIRST time.
This is the reason I have joined the course. I am a non-IT Engineer . I had studied Engg. more than 2 decades ago.
Hope you will help me ( as you always are) get good in R coding.



1 Like

Hello @sharathnandalike

I had mainly the first step in mind (Introduction to Programming in R, Intermediate R Programming). But I saw that you put some comments about the first course, so I guess you’re already doing them :wink:

I’m delighted to know this. I will do my best to make this first experience as enjoyable as possible.

Absolutely yes!

Best regards,